Coding has exploded in recent years, changing from something used in computer games and the occasional electronic device, to something which basically shapes the way that we live in the modern world. Pretty much every device, electronic item, and modern piece of machinery contains at least a little bit of code. As the number of use cases for coding grows, the number of coding jobs available will also continue to grow. This means that now is a great time to learning how to code for beginners. 

We will begin by defining what coding is and why you should learn it. After this, we will move into a step by step guide to coding for dummies. We will look at some of the most popular coding languages, along with a few online coding courses that will help you learn these languages.

Ready to start learning how to code for beginners? Let’s get into it!

How to Code for Beginners: What Is Coding?

To start with, we need to define exactly what coding is. Most programmers would agree that coding is:

The act of writing code that is compiled to form programs, that can be executed by a computer or a code reader, and that has a specific function or set of functions.’

Now, this definition is quite broad. In reality, exactly what we mean by coding will depend on what sort of coding we are referring to. For example, a web developer writes code that is used to build responsive, functioning websites. In this sense, coding is building the best possible website.

However, someone who works in navigation and aerospace engineering might be required to write code that lets an aeroplane run on autopilot during long journeys. Although this is completely different to building a website, it is still coding.

Before you start looking for the answers to “How to code for beginners”, you therefore need to think carefully about what sort of coding you would like to do. This will dictate the languages that you choose to learn and how you learn them – but more on that later. For now, let’s move onto a quick look at how you should start learning how to code for beginners.

Why Should I Learn To Code?

As we noted above, coding is an exciting new field which presents a world of opportunities for people who are willing to learn. Despite what you may have heard, learning to code really isn’t all that hard – especially when you compare it to the skills that are required to get most skilled jobs.

The average person can learn the basics of how to code for beginners fast enough to be able to start writing their own simple programs in a couple of weeks. A few months of hard work will leave you fluent in at least one programming language. Working hard to learn coding for dummies for more than a few months should give you all the skills that you need to become a career coder.

Some of the reasons why you should learn how to code include:

  • Coding is fun! Imagine having the skills to be able to build your own websites from scratch, to be able to create responsive mobile games, and to be able to program data analysis packages. If you learn how to code, you will be able to do all of this and more in a fun, engaging way!
  • Coding will give you valuable skills. Learning how to code for beginners will give you enough skills and experience to pursue a career as a coder or programmer.
  • Learning how to code will provide job security. In the same way, being able to pursue a career as a coder will provide you with a significant amount of job security. Coders and programmers are in demand throughout the modern world, leading to a lot of jobs in the field.

As you can see, there are plenty of reasons why you should start learning how to code for beginners. Because of this, we have put together the following step by step guide. Dig in and have fun!

Step By Step Guide To Coding For Dummies

Although coding is relatively easy to learn compared to a lot of other technical skills, it is still something which scares people. At first glance it may seem difficult, confusing, and very, very hard to master. I mean, how do you go about learning how to code a website if you have absolutely no programming experience?

The answer is simple – you follow our step by step guide to learning how to code for beginners! By the end of this guide you should have a clear understanding of the steps that are required if you want to become a programmer, along with the things that you can do to help fast-track your journey.

Step 1: Work Out Why You Want To Learn How To Code

Now, the first thing that you need to do – before you even think about enrolling in courses or starting to watch YouTube videos about coding – is to ask yourself why you want to learn to code. Sit down and think carefully about what you hope to get out of it, why coding is a skill that you want to learn, and how much time and money you have to commit to it. Consider:

  • What sort of skills you want to end up with. Do you want to become a website developer? Or perhaps you would prefer to be able to build mobile apps or work in software engineering? You will need to think carefully about this, because it will largely dictate the languages that you are going to learn.
  • Why you want to learn to code. Is learning how to code simply something which interests you that you are going to to be doing in your spare time? Or is programming something that you would like to pursue a career in further down the track?
  • How much time and money you can commit. If you are only going to have a couple of hours per week to commit to learning how to code, there probably isn’t a whole lot of point enrolling in an intensive course. In the same way, if you want to enroll in an intensive course with support, you will have to be prepared to pay for it.

Identify and write down your coding goals, and store them somewhere safe. These will quickly become the basis of your journey from novice to master coder.

Step 2: Choose The Right Languages

Different types of programming require different skills. For example, if you want to learn how to code a website, you should learn languages like HTML, CSS, Java, and JavaScript. Likewise, mobile app development requires Java (for Android) or Swift (for iOS). Choosing the right language is extremely important, which is why we have outlined some of the most popular among beginners below:


Java is arguably the king of programming languages in the modern world. It is extremely widespread, versatile, and it is used for things like Android app creation and back-end web development. Java is quite a good language for learning how to code for beginners. It is relatively simple to learn, it reads like English, and there is a lot of work out there for entry-level Java programmers.


If you would like to learn Java as one of your first programming languages, I would recommend the Learn Java 101 course. This course will teach you the basic syntax and features of the language. It will show you the potential that you can reach when using Java, and it will also explore the creation of back-end web apps.  


If Java is the king of programming languages, then Python is the queen. It is also super versatile, and it has a lot of different use cases. A lot of academics and researchers use Python to create data analysis programs to help their studies. It is also behind the rise of new technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning. It is easy to learn, and it is the most popular language taught in schools.

Learning Python can be easy if you put your mind to it. Start with a course like the Learning Python from Scratch tutorial or the Interactive Python tutorial. Both of these courses will give you a good introduction to the language and its functionality, allowing you to progress to more advanced studies at a later date.


Ruby is a language which is becoming increasingly popular for full-stack web development. It allows for the easy integration of both front and back-end components of a new website through the Ruby on Rails framework.


If you have plans to become a web developer, I would recommend learning at least the basics of Ruby. This way you will be familiar with the language, even if you don’t actually have to work with it directly. Start with the Learn Ruby on Rails course which focuses on what Ruby on Rails is and how it is used in web development.


If you are interested in cryptocurrencies and blockchain development, then Solidity is definitely one of the best programming languages to learn. Although not well known or widespread by any stretch of the imagination, Solidity is the primary language for smart contract development on the Ethereum blockchain. If you want to enter the exciting new world of blockchains and smart contracts, I would recommend starting with either the Space Doggos Interactive Solidity course or the Ultimate Learn Solidity course.


If you want to get into front-end web development, then you have to learn HTML. Used for marking up text so that computers can understand it, HTML (or Hypertext Markup Language) is one of the simplest languages to learn, and is where a lot of people start when learning how to code for beginners.

HTML is very simple, and the best way to learn it is arguably to first familiarise yourself with the main components of the language through something like the Comprehensive HTML5 Tutorial or the HTML Coding for Beginners course and then to just get out there and practice writing the code.


CSS is used almost exclusively alongside HTML to style and format content on webpages. It allows you to do things like change the color and size of elements, change the position of elements on a webpage, and change the entire layout of a webpage.

Like HTML, CSS is essential if you plan on becoming a front-end web developer. In my opinion, it’s a good idea to learn HTML and CSS alongside each other through something like the Interactive Coding for Beginners course. This course will teach you the basics of CSS, HTML, web development, and how they all tie together.


JavaScript is another language which is quite versatile and extremely widespread – much like Java and Python. Although it has historically been a front-end web development language which allowed the creation of interactive elements, JavaScript is becoming increasingly used for other things – including back-end web development.


If you want to become a decent front-end or back-end web developer, we recommend learning JavaScript. Discover the basics through a course like Learn JavaScript in 1 Hour or the Interactive JavaScript Tutorial, and then move onto a more difficult course when you are comfortable with the basics of the language.

Step 3: Choose The Right Resources To Help You Learn

Now that we’ve looked at some of the most popular languages to help you discover how to code for beginners, it’s time to look at the best ways to learn them. Some of these include:

Online coding courses: Online coding courses, such as those recommended above, are one of the best ways to get a feel for a new programming language. When done right, they will teach you some of the essential syntax of a language and how it is used. They are usually taught in a fun, engaging manner, and many of them allow you to write code directly in your browser as you learn.

Textbooks: Code reference books are a great resource that every single beginner should make use of. They contain all of the syntax and conventions of a language, allowing you to look things up when you’re confused or unsure about how to proceed with your code.

YouTube videos: Online videos and video tutorials are great resources which can help you get your head around confusing or difficult concepts. You should use them alongside an online course or other method of learning how to code for beginners.

Step 4: Download A Code Editor

Although a lot of online courses let you write code in a code editor directly in your browser, you need to realise that this isn’t how it works in the real world. Once you graduate from your online course, you will need to start writing your code directly into a code editor, so it’s a good idea to start practising doing this now.

Most programming languages have their own code editors that you can download. They usually come complete with interactive development environments (IDEs) that will help you build clear, error free code. Simple languages like HTML and CSS can be written straight into a simple text document if you find that easier.

Step 5: Practice Writing Your Own Programs

Once you have a basic working knowledge of your chosen language, you will need to start creating your own programs and projects. Although you might feel that this is a long way away right now, you will be surprised how fast you progress once you start learning.

The type of program or project you start building will depend on the language you learn. For example, if you are learning how to code a website using HTML/CSS, you might choose to start building your own website. However, a knowledge of Java will let you start programming your own Android app or game.

Remember, practice makes perfect, and practice is the key to becoming a successful programmer. Practice, practice, and more practice!

Step 6: Join An Online Community

Navigating the intricacies of learning how to code can be extremely difficult on your own. There will be times when you need support. For example, let’s say that you’re learning a language, and you’ve come across a piece of syntax that you just can’t get your head around. Joining an online chat board or coding forum will give you access to people who will be able to answer your questions and help you get past any problems you’re having.

Step 7: Hack Someone Else’s Code

Once you have a pretty good idea of how to code in a certain language, it’s time to delve deeper. One of the best ways to keep learning and to reinforce your knowledge of a programming language is to unpack someone else’s code.

Find a program or code file somewhere – GitHub is a great place to start – and open it in your code editor. Work through the code and make sure that you understand every line and what its function is. Add comments if you need to. If you see something which you think could be done in a more efficient way or which you think you can improve, change it.

Once you have finished, save your edited code and re-upload it so that other people can critique your effort.

Step 8: Keep Learning

In a way, programming languages are like any other language. They require regular practice if you want to become fluent in them, and you will forget things if you don’t practice using them. It is therefore extremely important to make sure that you keep learning new things every day.

Don’t fall into the habit of using the same coding patterns and syntax for everything. Instead, keep striving to learn new ways to do things and to improve your method. I try and make a habit of learning one thing every single day. This could be a new piece of syntax, a new way to write a line of code, or simply a better way of debugging a program.


Learning how to code for beginners can be fun, exciting, and super interesting. When done right, learning how to code can provide you with valuable skills that you will be able to draw on for the rest of your life. However, learning how to code can also be difficult.

With this in mind, we developed the above step-by-step guide to learning how to code for beginners. It contains everything that you need to know to get you started on your coding journey. To recap, if you want to start learning how to code, you should:

  1. Work out why you want to start learning and what you hope to achieve.
  2. Choose the right languages to help you achieve this.
  3. Choose an online course and start learning these languages.
  4. Download the right code editors.
  5. Practice, practice, and practice some more!
  6. Join an online community.
  7. Hack someone elses code.
  8. Never stop learning!

So there you have it – a simple 8 step guide to learning how to become a coder. Now you have no excuses. Stop procrastinating, stop putting it off, and get out there and start learning how to code!

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